Brief Introduction Of Major Silk Fabrics

Silk Satin

It feels soft and shiny, which is more shiny than other silks, but the gloss will be little faded after washing a few times.

And the front and back are different,

the front side:

backside is dull:

Silk satin is suitable for dresses, scarves, shirts, etc. The weaves are tight, and the lines are hard to see with the naked

eye. The disadvantage is that it is easy to snag, easy to wrinkle, and the shrinkage rate is relatively large. The heavy silk 

satin (above 22mm) is much better compare with light silk satin (less than 22mm) has a soft luster, a thick hand feel,

crisp, not easy to deform, not easy to snag, not easy to wrinkle, ordinary and heavy contrast:

Stretch Silk Satin

Similar to pure silk satin is silk stretch satin. It is not 100% mulberry silk, generally contains 3% to 10% spandex. Compared

with pure silk satin, it has a certain elasticity, is not easy to wrinkle, and is easy to take care of, which makes up for the

shortcomings of pure silk satin. Suitable for making scarves and skirts.

Pearl Silk Satin

It has pearl luster, and the surface crepe is more obvious. The gloss is fat and bright, similar to pure silk satin, but the front

and back are different. There is a slight bumpy feeling, soft and waxy, suitable for shirt dresses, etc.

front side:

Silk Crepe De Chine (Silk Crepe for shot)

The surface is creped, with slight bumps and wavy scaly crepes, soft luster, soft feel, comfortable to wear, and good anti-

wrinkle performance. Silk crepe is easier to recognize, with some obvious concavity and convexity, and the texture is visible,

thin and light. Suitable for shirts, skirts, etc. It should be one of the most common types of silk. There is a picture of heavy

crepe (above 25mm) at the back, which is much better than light crepe and is often used as a high-end dress.

Similar to silk crepe de chine, there are silk double georgette crepe and silk Jianhong crepe. Silk double georgette crepe

is the combination of silk georgette and silk crepe de chine.

SIlk Jianhong crepe is similar to silk crepe, but slightly better than silk crepe de chine, it is not so easy to wrinkle, and the

handfeels thicker and not easy to see through. Silk Jianhong crepe has better luster than silk crepe de chine and has finer


Silk Georgette.

Much like the weave of chiffon, the difference between silk chiffon and georgette can be distinguished at a glance.

Georgette is light, thin and easy to see through, feels soft and elastic, has good air permeability and drape, silk surface

particles are slightly convex, and the structure is loose. There are many specifications of georgette, mainly differ from the

thickness of the raw silk fiber, the number of threads, the number of twists and the density of warp and weft. Therefore,

the thickness of silk georgette range from 4.5 mm to 12 mm.  Heavy silk georgette is highly recommended, which is 

impermeable, sag, not easy to wrinkle, and easy to take care of.

Silk Chiffon

Chiffon is more familiar to the public because of its trendy use for popular clothing, but most of the chiffon on the market is

artificial silk chiffon. The characteristics of silk chiffon: light and thin, soft, good drape, light luster, slightly loose structure,

and sand holes are visible. The disadvantage is that it is easy to snag, suitable for making silk scarves, dresses, etc.

Silk Crinkle Crepe,

Also called bark crepe, is named after its shape like bark. Lightweight, easy to see through, not easy to wrinkle, good drape,

suitable for dresses and scarves.

Silk Organza.

There are polyester organza and real silk organza. The organza sold in many markets or online stores is made of polyester 

fiber, because it is difficult to distinguish between silk organza and polyester organza with the naked eye. Silk organza has

hardness, but not as hard as polyester organza. Silk organza feels softer, does not pierce the skin, and is slightly firm, but

not as firm as polyester organza. The disadvantage is that it is very easy to collapse and snag. The polyester ones are much

better. Silk organza is easy to see through, suitable for wedding dresses and dresses. Silk organza also has silk organza satin.

In addition to the crisp texture, it also has a satin luster. It is not so easy to see through compare with regular organza. 

Silk Habotai

Mulberry silk raw woven spun silk fabric. The texture is tight, fine and clean, and the luster is fat and bright. Originally raw

silk was used as raw material and hand-made with wood machines. Later, factory silk was used as raw material and woven

with electric looms. There are also many silk habotai specifications, ranging from 8mm to 16mm. Thin silk habotai can be

used as lining for wool and cashmere coats, silk dresses, etc., and slightly thicker ones can be used as shirts, dresses, etc.

In some silk habotai, the warp mulberry silk is interwoven with the weft rayon. Not 100% mulberry silk, so sometimes it is

useless to burn a thread to test if it is 100% silk. The luster of silk habotai is slightly inferior to plain crepe satin, but the

two sides of silk habotai are the same.

Gambiered Canton Gauze

It is a real silk product in Canton. It has complex process, an ancient hand-made plant-dyed fabric in China. Gambiered

canton gauze is an environmentally friendly silk fabric dyed by plant yam juice, Heihe River mud with all hand-made process.

It has the advantages of cool and pleasant, easy to wash and dry, anti-skin allergies, etc. It is known as "soft gold" in silk.

The base fabric of gambiered canton gauze can be silk fabrics such as silk georgette, silk habotail, silk satin, after a series of

process to become a new silk category. The color of gambiered canton gauze is more old-fashioned, suitable for ladies'

shirts and skirts. The picture is silk satin based gauze, which feels stiff, easy to wrinkle, old-fashioned in color, and has

cracked lines.

Silk Dupioni

Silk dupioni is a different kind of silk. Normally, one silkworm forms a cocoon, and silk dupioni is a cocoon formed by two

silkworms. The silk dupioni is thick, straight and rough, with pimple patterns and clearly visible knots, which are pimples,

just like snagging. There are yarn-dyed and white weaving. The yarn-dyed silk dupioni is divided into two kinds of pure

color and flashing color. The texture is medium and thick, and the weight ranges from 16mm to 30mm. Suitable for shirts,

dresses, curtains, etc. Clear nodes can be seen in the picture, just like a patch. In short, people who like it, like it very much.

The reason is that Silk dupioni is very special and easy to take care of... People who hate it, feels it is terrible. The reason

is that it makse people has an illusion of poor workmanship.

Silk Taffeta

Silk taffeta is woven from cooked silk. Good luster, fine and crisp, feel like umbrella cloth, especially easy to wrinkle, easy

to form permanent creases, so it is not suitable for folding and heavy pressure, usually rolled packaging. There are three

types of plain taffeta, striped taffeta and floral taffeta. They are all traditional varieties famous in the world, and they are

also specialty varieties of Suzhou and Hangzhou. Especially the taffeta produced by Suzhou Dongwu Silk Factory, collectively

referred to as “ Silk Taffeta King". Suitable for umbrella cover, skirt, shirt. Not suggested for new silk lovers, it is not a

general trouble to take care of. Not ironed:

Brushed silk. As the name suggests, the silk is brushed. The hand feels fluffy, delicate and untie, suitable for making scarves,

especially warm, of course not suitable for summer, the hand feel is very close to cashmere.

Silk satin strips, as the name suggests, light satin and dark satin are interwoven, the fabric is low-key and shiny, it should

be plain crepe satin front and back stitching. This is just one of the specifications of the satin ribbon. The clothes in the

picture are blue.

Knitted Silk.

Knitted silk feels slippery, shiny, delicate and flexible, and belongs to high-end fabrics.

Generally suitable for making underwear, underwear, autumn clothes, long trousers, nightdress, short sleeves, etc. It is not

easy to wrinkle, has elasticity.

Silk Spinning.

The hand feels soft, delicate, dull, impervious, and somewhat similar to cotton, but silk spinning tends to shrink, and silk

spinning can be dissolved in 84 disinfectant, but cotton is impossible. And spun silk has a special natural fragrance, not all

real silk has it.

Jacquard Silk Satin.

Intricately woven shiny fabric with a tonal design woven in. The weave creates the effect of a 'shadow' pattern or print, 

has the characteristics of cool and comfortable, good elasticity, soft satin luster and slight ripples.  

Wild Silkworm Satin.

The wild silkworm satin feels like chiffon, but little thicker. The overall is light and silky, not easy to wrinkle, and has a good

drape. The front and back are different. 

Front Side:

Back Side:

Twill silk.

Twill silk is a popular fabric for silk scarves, big brands like Hermes, Gucci all like to use silk twill for scarves, probably

because the fabric is low-key, not so shiny, fabric is bony to form a certain shape, not easy to wrinkle, slightly stiff, and

soft to touch. Twill silk belongs to the damask category. Silk twill is pure mulberry silk white woven damask silk fabric.

The texture is soft and smooth, and the luster is soft. Its regular thickness from 10-22 momme

Regarding heavyweight: It is said that 19mm and above can be called heavyweight, but in fact, all kinds of silk are different.

For example, silk habotai, above 10 mm can be called heavyweight. The unit of silk is momme short as mm, 1 mm=

4.3056 g/m2. The heavier the silk is, the better. Heavy silk may not feel so good in luster, but fortunately, it is more stiff

and not easy to shrink and snag. Of course, heavy silk is definitely more expensive than ordinary silk.

About blending: There are hundreds of types of silk, including 100% silk and other fabric like silk blends like wool, modal,

rayon, linen, cotton, cashmere and even polyester...

Blend of natural fabric is actually each take its advantages. For example, pure wool irritates the skin, after adding silk, it is

much more comfortable.  Real silk does not much keep warm, and it is better after adding cashmere.

Linen is easy to wrinkle, when silk and linen two are combined in a certain ratio, it is not easy to wrinkle and more breathable.

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