What Is Fabric Count? Is Fabric Count Related to Quality?

Count is defined as the number of 840 yards length of yarns in one pound. It means that the number of yarns of 840 yards length required weighing one pound. The higher the count, the finer the yarn is

The fabric count is a way of expressing yarn, usually expressed as the imperial count (S) (this calculation method is divided into metric count and imperial count), that is: in the official under the condition of moisture regain (8.5%), the number of skeins with a length of ≥ 840 yards in one pound yarn is the number of counts.

Usually, when doing the fabric business, several professional words, count and density are often involved. So, what effect does the fabric count and density have on the quality of the fabric? Some people may still be confused. Let's go to science.

What are the benefits of having higher count?

The higher the count, the finer the yarn, the smoother the wool texture, and the higher the relative price, but the fabric count is not necessarily related to the quality of the fabric. Only fabrics with more than 100 counts can be called "premium". The concept of count is more suitable for worsted spinning, and has little meaning for woollen fabrics. For example, woollen fabrics such as Harris tweed have low counts.


Thehigher the count, the finer the yarn

Count is the most important indicator to measure the quality of fabrics. It is also easy to understand. In fact, it describes the thickness of the yarn count. The higher the count, the finer the yarn. The diameter of 250 wool has reached 11 microns. The finer the yarn, the more delicate and smooth the style of the woven fabric.



The higher the density, the better the water resistance

Density refers to the number of warp and weft yarns arranged per square inch, called warp and weft density. It is generally expressed as "the number of warps * the number of wefts". Several common densities, such as 110*90, 128*68, 65*78, 133*73, indicate that the warp yarns per square inch are 110, 128, 65, and 133 respectively; the weft yarns are 90, 68, and 78, 73.

Because of its high density, high-count fabrics can also be waterproof. Liquids such as red wine, tea, juice, etc. overflow on the clothes. Don't worry, the liquid will only roll on the fabric and will not penetrate.  

Pursuing ultra-fine yarn is not sonecessarily 

Yarns that are too thin are extremely difficult to produce and are easy to break. For example, a China companyhas produced 300 counts fabrics, but because of poor wearability, they can only be exhibited at fabric fairs, which have no practical value at all. Therefore, in the pursuit of ultra-fine fibers, we must first ensure that the raw materials have superior properties.

Fabrics with more than 100 counts and less than 300 counts are the most popular high-end fabrics in the market. Whether there will be more than 300 fabrics with very good performance in the future can be expected. Maybe there will be such ultra-high count fabrics in the future.

In simple terms, the quality of the fabric is not directly related to the count of the fabric, but the higher the yarn count, the more delicate and softer the fabric, the higher the fabric density, the better the water resistance of the fabric, so if there is a requirement for the waterproof function of the fabric Yes, it can be judged according to the density of the fabric.

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